Pig Rearing: Type of Pig Feeds

Just like humans, pigs are omnivores; they devour both plant material and animal product. They are fantastic opportunistic feeders and natural forages- they feed on anything edible. The best thing about pig rearing is that they feed on a wide range of products, which include fruits, roots, leaf, and even meat. This is thanks to their efficient digestive system that can handle a variety of foods.

From experience, pig feeding is the most expensive part of pig rearing. This is because it takes up almost 79 per cent of the total cost of raising a pig. Just because pigs eat anything doesn’t mean you have to give them anything edible around. Choose feeds carefully according to the pig’s stage of growth.

Starter Feed

This is the feed given to a piglet weaned off its mother’s milk. It is basically composed of dried milk products, including whey and lactose. It also contains dried plasma and fish mill to boost the protein content of the feed. There are three categories of starter feeds given to a piglet depending on its weight. The first starter is fed to the piglet until it attains 15 lbs. The second starter is given when the pig attains 25 lbs. Lastly, the third starter feed is given to pigs weighing 50lbs.

Grower Feed

This is typically a nutrient-dense feed that contains a certain amount of protein. As a pig grows older and gains weight, it should be fed with more and more protein. However, at the finishing stage, pigs are fed with feeds that are low in minerals as they are prepared for market.

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Gestation and Lactation Feed

Gestation feed is different from other types of pig feeds as it contains a lot of minerals and vitamins meant to boost the health of the sow and the piglet inside it. Lactation feed also contains a lot of nutrients and minerals to boost sow milk production.